As we do not understand politics tied to law and a
territorial monopoly of violence, we find it at work in various
settings beyond the state and the formal institutions of liberal
democracy. Politics plays a key role legitimizing and effectuating
government by the state, but it is also at the heart of articulating
partisan policy programmes, mobilizing social movements and interest
groups, and of constructing collective interests within transnational
and global governance initiatives. We even find politics among friends
and in work relations, whenever a ‘we’ is invoked to create a
commitment for collective action.
In a broader view on governance as the shaping of collective orders, we study politics as a mode of ‘governing by will’, which is intertwined with other modes, such as ‘governing by fact’ (science and technology) and ‘governing by style’ (art and design).
Our research and teaching focuses on relations of politics and science in matters of innovation and governance, particular with respect to issues of energy, environment and sustainable development:
- governance of innovation (reflexive creation of novelty, shaping collective experimentation and expanding socio-material arrangements of practice, science and technology policy, anticipatory assessment of dynamics in science, technology and innovation)
- innovation in governance (science and expertise in governance, experimentation and expansion of particular models of governing such as tradable permit markets for emissions and destructions of natural habitat or public participation methods such as citizens’ juries and consensus conferences, or experimental management schemes like transition management and adaptive management)
A more recent area of our work focuses on relations of politics with aesthetics. This is where we explore the ways in which art and design can shape the ways in which people attune their senses, in which they perceive and experience life, and how they affectively relate with each other and the world. Of particular interest is how art and design intertwine with politics in the shaping of collective orders through public relations/propaganda, but also through ‘artivism’ and other aestheticized forms of mobilization and protest.